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This Web page features data collected by Carl Klarner of Indiana State University for public use and is supported by the Indiana State University Center for Governmental Services. Data on state politics and elections are presented, as well as codebooks associated with each dataset. Please cite me if you use my data by referring to the following web link(http://www.indstate.edu/polisci/klarnerpolitics.htm). Furthermore, I’d be grateful if you would let me know by e-mail (Carl.Klarner@indstate.edu) if you’ve downloaded these data so I can use that information in grant applications.
Other Scholars’ Competitiveness Measures
STATA and Excel files contain variables representing 1) the Ranney Index for approximately the 1940 to 2010 period and 2) the Holbrook and Van Dunk index for about 1970 to 2010. Two, four, six, eight, and ten year moving averages computed. Variables measuring the indexes’ component parts also included.
Look for my own measures of state competitiveness soon.
State Legislative Election Returns Data, 2011-2012
The following is an addendum to the 1967-2010 state legislative election returns dataset that appears below. Variable definitions are identical to those in the 1967-2010 dataset. Variables that can be computed from other variables do not appear in the addendum. The data are in both STATA and Excel format.
The following individuals assisted with the collection of these data: Magan Bell (Duke), David Broockman (UCB), Daniel Butler (Yale), Nicholas Carnes (Duke), Marion Johnson (Duke), Erik Juenke (Michigan State University), Thad Kousser (UCSD), Paul Pena (Yale) and especially Steven Flowers (ISU).
State Legislative Election Returns Data, 1967-2010
This data set contains information on state legislative election returns from 1967 through 2010. Each observation in the data set refers to an individual candidate who ran for state legislative office during this time period. There are a total of 308,125 observations in the data set. The years 1967 to 2003 contained in the last edition of the dataset have been extensively cleaned, and the years 2004 to 2010 have been added.
We greatly encourage scholars and others to make use of the data for their research. If you use the data, we request that you include the following citation to the data set.
Klarner, Carl, William Berry, Thomas Carsey, Malcolm Jewell, Richard Niemi, Lynda Powell, and James Snyder. State Legislative Election Returns (1967-2010). ICPSR34297-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-01-11. doi:10.3886/ICPSR34297.v1.
We would also greatly appreciate receiving citation information for any papers or publications that make use of this data. Please send such information directly to Carl Klarner (Carl.Klarner@indstate.edu).
While every effort has been made to eliminate any errors in the data set, with almost a third of a million cases, some errors almost certainly exist. If you identify any errors, please contact Carl Klarner. Please describe the nature of the error, the observation(s) affected by the error, and your source for the correct information.
Zipped STATA File:
Zipped SPSS File:
These data are also archived at ICPSR at the following link.
State Partisan Balance Data
Dataset includes number and percent of state legislators who are Democrats and Republicans, party control of state legislatures and governor’s offices, and different measures of party control of state institutions for the years 1937 to 2011. Also includes variables that indicate what percentage of legislators are up for election in a year and whether there is a gubernatorial election. “SourceFiles” in their file names merely provide documentation on coding and primary sources and are only necessary to look at if you want to check my work. The files with “For_Use” in their file names are what most people are going to want.”
State Economic Data
Dataset with state quarterly personal income, area population (with 2001 to 2009 state population imputed utilizing 2010 population information, which isn't available from the Census yet), gross state product, state finance data (expenditures, revenues, budget surplus, spending on the state legislature), and housing prices.
Approval and Congressional Vote Intention
Files with Gallup’s presidential approval and congressional vote intention series. A number of features have been created to make using these variables in election forecasting easier. For example, the file automatically identifies the survey asked as close as possible to X number of days before the election, for all years. Let me know if you’d like these files.
This dataset mostly covers 1961 to 2010 depending on the variable, but sometimes goes back to 1936 or 1937 for several variables.
The highlights of which variables this dataset contains is as follows:
Several that track state biennium cycles (taking state odd-year elections into account)
Names of governors
Whether a gubernatorial election was held that year
Whether a governor left office mid-year
Whether the party of the governor changed mid-year
A dummy variable indicating whether a budget passed in a year
A dummy variable indicating whether a governor is new
A dummy variable indicating whether a governor served as governor in the past
Number of years a governor has served
Number of budgets a governor has overseen
Number of years in a gubernatorial term
Number of years left in a gubernatorial term
A dummy variable indicating whether a state-year has some type of gubernatorial term limit
Type of term limit (1= one term limit, etc.)
Years left before a governor will be term limited out
A dummy variable indicating whether a governor is a lame duck
A dummy variable indicating whether a governor is in their last year before being termed out
A dummy variable indicating whether a governor is in their second to last term before being termed out
A dummy variable indicating whether a governor is a woman
A dummy variable indicating whether a governor served in the state legislature in the past
A dummy variable indicating whether a governor served in the US Congress in the past
Party of the governor
Number os years since the other major party held the governor's office
Variable indicating whether an election has no incumbent running because of a term limit